Influence of smoking rate on ultrafine particle emission of cigarette smoke

  • Arinto Y.P Wardoyo Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Dionysius J.D.H Santjojo Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia
  • Tintrim Rahayu Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, University of Islam Malang, Malang, Indonesia
  • Saraswati Subagyo Research Institute of Free Radical and Shadding, Malang, Indonesia
Keywords: Cigarette smoke, emission factor, smoking rate, ultrafine particle

Abstract

Ultrafine particles have been attached the attention for researchers due to their impacts on human health. Ultrafine particles can be emitted from
burning process, such as forest burning, agriculture waste burning, cigarette, etc. In this study, ultrafine particles produced by cigarette smokes has
been investigated as a function of smoking rate. The samples consisted of different types of Indonesia cigarette called Kretek cigarette. The
quantification of emission factors was conducted by the burning of the cigarette samples, then the smoke that was sucked with a different flow rate
using an adjustable pump. The flow rate was chosen to correspond as close as the variation of the rate that people smoke. The measurements of
ultrafine concentrations were carried out using an ultrafine particle counter P-Trak TSI 8525 capable of measuring particles with the diameter in the
range of 20 to 1000 nm. The results showed that the emission factor of ultrafine particles significantly depended on the smoking rate. A higher
smoking rate produced higher average ultrafine particle emission factor.

Published
2018-06-21
How to Cite
Wardoyo, A. Y., Santjojo, D. J., Rahayu, T., & Subagyo, S. (2018). Influence of smoking rate on ultrafine particle emission of cigarette smoke. BERKALA PENELITIAN HAYATI JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCHES, 23(2), 90-94. https://doi.org/10.23869/547
Section
Articles