Usnea in West Java: a potential source of bioactive secondary metabolites

  • Miftahul Jannah Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah, Jakarta
  • Qurrota A`yun Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah, Jakarta
  • Nida Afifah Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah, Jakarta
  • Eko Prasetya Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Medan
  • Muhammad Rifqi Hariri Research Center for Plant Conservation, Botanic Gardens, and Forestry – National Research and Innovation Agency
Keywords: bioprospecting, lichen acid, new record, secondary metabolite, Usnea

Abstract

Lichen is a symbiotic organism consisting of algae (photobionts) and fungi (mycobiont). In Indonesia, Usnea is the only genus of lichen that has been widely recognized and used by the local community for traditional medicine. It is locally known as kayu angin, rusuk angin, or janggot Kai. Furthermore, it produces lichen acid and other compounds as secondary metabolites that need investigation. Therefore, this study aimed to identify species and determine the secondary metabolites of Usnea in West Java. There were 13 species of Usnea identified, with U. rubrotincta, U. mutabilis, and U. barbata being new to West Java. The extraction of U. esperantiana has the highest number of lichen acids, with 20 different types identified. This study showed that Usnea contains lichen acid, flavonoid, and saponin compounds. The secondary metabolites are a potential source of natural products for bioprospecting.

Author Biographies

Qurrota A`yun, Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah, Jakarta

Biology Department, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah, Jakarta

Nida Afifah, Biology Department, Faculty of Science and Technology, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah, Jakarta

Biology Department, Universitas Islam As-syafiiyah

Eko Prasetya, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Medan

Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Medan

Muhammad Rifqi Hariri, Research Center for Plant Conservation, Botanic Gardens, and Forestry – National Research and Innovation Agency

Research Center for Plant Conservation and Botanic Gardens, BRIN

Published
2022-05-24
How to Cite
Miftahul Jannah, Qurrota A`yun, Nida Afifah, Eko Prasetya, & Muhammad Rifqi Hariri. (2022). Usnea in West Java: a potential source of bioactive secondary metabolites. BERKALA PENELITIAN HAYATI JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL RESEARCHES, 28(1), 26-31. https://doi.org/10.23869/bphjbr.28.1.20224